The indigenous community of Taganga is located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Tayrona National Park. Taganga is a place recognized for its fishing importance at the regional level, most of its inhabitants have dedicated themselves to the exclusive use of ancestral artisanal fishing and another minority to tourism. Since the creation of the council of the Greater Indigenous Council of Taganga, various exercises have been carried out aimed at recognizing species of sociocultural and ancestral importance for this community that has remained for more than 200 years in this re-gion of the Colombian Caribbean. Bibliographic reviews were carried out and these species were identified through inter-views and observation of these species in their natural environment and the relationship that exists with the indigenous community. The six most representative species for this community were: The Bonito (Euthynnus alletteratus) Brain Coral (Diploria sp.) Snail Pala (Lobatus gigas) The Gallinazo (Coragyps atratus) The Cachorreta (Auxis thazard thazard) and the parrotfish (Sparisoma viride). It is vitally important to identify these species as part of a conservation and protection process for marine ecosystems, because of their cultural significance and the role they play for the ethnic recognition of the members of the indigenous council, and in this way to initiate the activities focused on the creation of conservation pro-grams that can be carried out to contribute to the repopulation of these species.