The state of artisanal fisheries in the southern Gulf of Mexico is evaluated, using information from the field and from arrival notices from the ports of Carmen and Champotón. Sustainability is analyzed through the metiers approach, with a framework of 30 sustainability indicators in the Ecological, Socioeconomic, Technological and Institutional fields based on the concept of Sustainable Development and the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. The integration of the indicators and the obtaining of a sustainability index (on a scale from 0 to 100) was carried out using the traffic light approach and the weighting of the scores. Of the 7 métiers evaluated, the métiers with the lowest indices correspond to those who fish for seven baleen shrimp (25) and those who fish by spear (35), while the robaleros (57) and gareteros (54) were the metiers with the highest indices. The field with the lowest index was Institutional, while the indicators that showed the lowest scores were: the level of compliance with the legislation for quotas and seasonal / spatial closures, the type of processing that is given to the product before selling it, the efficiency in the collection of statistics, the wear or destruction of fishing gear and the overlap of the fishing season with the reproduction of the species. The study contributes to understanding the state of sustainability and the main challenges of artisanal fishing in Campeche, whose recommendations can serve to guide future fishing management strategies.