Distribution of Smalltooth Sawfish (Latham, 1794) in the Cuban Archipelago
AuthorsFigueredo Martín, T., Y. Ventura Díaz, Y. Rodríguez Cueto, D. Cobián Rojas, J. Martínez Fernández, S. Chapman Stable, J. Tamayo Fonseca, Y.A. Paz Rodríguez, A. Medina Valmaseda, R. Fajardo Veloso, Y. Nuñez Acosta, A. Pupo Sánchez, R.T. Graham, and F. Pina Amargós Download PDF Open PDF in Browser
Smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794) is listed as Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. During the last two decades, there have been few reports recorded for this species throughout its distributional range (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea). A greater focus on the status of sawfish globally, including Cuba is yielding much needed information on the status of these species. The aim of this study was to use traditional ecological knowledge to assess whether sawfish are still extant in Cuban waters. To accomplish this objective structured interviews were applied. The sample was set as at least five interviews per fishing ports and diving centers throughout Cuba. Years of experience were the selection criterion for fishermen and dive masters interviewed. Cartographic schemes of each particular region were used as a support material, just to assist the localization of the sites. ArGis 9.3 software was used for the cartographic representations. Using structured personal interviews conducted with fishery communities members (n = 91) in nine of Cubas 15 provinces, results suggest that 27% of interviewees had either heard about sawfish or observed them firsthand. Sawfish have been fished (89%) or observed (11%) in 18 sites since the 1960s. At least 35% of the reports occurred during the past decade, which suggests that sawfish persist in Cuba. The individuals that have fished or eat sawfish express that the meet is very tasty, also they normally keep the saw as a trophy. Expansion of the surveys to remaining regions is recommended to assess the full spatial and temporal distribution of historic and contemporary sightings through-out Cuba as a basis for a strategy to recover this critically endangered species.