Dive fisheries are fishery systems in which fishers use compressed air to harvest marine living resources in the quest for livelihoods. Dive fishers around the world target a wide range of primarily high-value, benthic species of echinoderms, crustaceans, molluscs as well as fish (for consumption and ornamental use), algae and sea turtles (Ehrhardt 2006, Eriksson et al. 2012, Forman 2005, Halim 2002, Gold et al. 2000, Lepawsky and Wong 2001, Nayar et al. 2009, Ruffez 2008, Westin et al. 2005). Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) or surface compressor supplied air (hookah) are the two systems used in dive fisheries (Blatteau et al. 2015, Eriksson et al. 2012, Vann et al. 2011).