Red Snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, is a dominant reef fish in the northern Gulf of Mexico, but is still considered overfished. This study focused on Red Snapper populations from the continental shelf east of the Mississippi River. This area has little natural reef habitat, but extensive artificial reefs. These artificial reef areas were first surveyed for Red Snapper from 1999 to 2004. Approximately ten years later (2011 - 2015) a second survey was carried out that used similar sample methods as the first survey. The first survey was prior to the implementation of strict limitations on the Red Snapper fishery in 2007 and prior to the Deep Water Horizon oil spill in 2010.